What to see

What to see while you are in North Tajikistan


Historical museum

Historical Museum of Sughd region is one of the oldest museums of Tajikistan, it was founded in 1926. In it you can see more than 1.500 historical instances, every year the museum receives more thank 30.000 visitors.

Kala-kuhandiz was considered as the main part of the city, according to the results of the North Tajik archeological complex expedition this fortress was built in the VI-IV centuries BC. First, the fence was built from the ground, and later it was posted relatively thick wall and ground bricks.


Panjshanbe bazaar

The famous city market Panjshanbe is one of the largest covered markets in Central Asia and is one of the main sights of Khujand. It attracts a variety of visitors, unusual sounds and smells, diversity and abundance of fruit and vegetables. Panjshanbe in Tajik means “Thursday” the day most of the trade was conducted during old days.

Palace of “Arbob”

One of the greatest architectural attractions of Bobojon Gafurov area it is the palace of “Arbob” which was built on the initiative of twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1948,1957) Saidhoja Urunhojaev in 1959. This architectural creation is unique masterpiece in Tajikistan. There conduct a massive social and political events of governmental importance.

Madrasah of Abdulatif Sultan

Mosque and madrasah Abdulatif Sultan Kukgumbaz was founded in the XVI century 937 Hijra. These architectural buildings and gardens including “Chorbog of Abdulatifhon” Tajik ancient city, are constructed by means, unusual and authentic art of our artisans. A striking example of ancient architectural and historical monument is a mosque and a madrassah of Abdulatif Sultan “Gumbazi Kabood”.

Mausoleum of “Hazrat Shoh”

The construction dates back to the VIII century. According to the fold legend, there was buried one of the Arab commanders.


The ancient Sarasm settlement was discovered in autumn in 1976 by archeologist Abdullojon Isakov. The monument is located 15 km west of Panjakent & 45 km East of Samarqand. The original area of the uncovered settlement spread over an area of 130 hectares.
A city existed there more than 5000 years ago and had its highest level of development near the start of the bronze age.

Alauddin lakes

Alauddin Peak (4237m) towers to the west of Alauddin Lakes. It is a good observation point of the area, and can also be used for the training of the first attempt to climb the pass Alauddin (3860m). Here it is advisable to set up a camp in the evening for a better acclimation (2-3 hours travel from the lake).


Yagnob Valley River originates approximately 105 kilometers north of the city of Dushanbe, Tajikistan’s capital, just behind the mountain pass of Anzob; 3372 m, and has a length of about 60 km. Yagnob is formed from confluence of the rivers of Rev and Barzenga originating in the mountain junction in the glaciers of Takano. River Yagnob flows parallel to the river of Zarafshan and separates the Zeravshan Range from Hissar.

Kulikalon lakes

Kulikalon, means «The Big Lake», located at an altitude of 2800m, the second largest (after Iskanderkul) lake in the region. The lake is dual: Large Kulikalon and Small Kulikalon, they are connected by channels.

Ancient site of Panjakent

Ancient city of Panjakent is located in the vicinity of the modern city of Panjakent and it is a unique monument of the early Middle-Ages. In V-VIII centuries it was the eastern part of the cities of Sughd- ancient country in Central Asia, populated by Sogdians who spoke an East-Iranian languages and were the ancestors of Tajiks.

Seven lakes

Marquzor lakes also known as «seven beauties of Shing» located in Hissar range of Fann Mountains about 50km from Penjikent. The lakes are mostly filled with melted waters received from the glaciers in the upper reaches of the valley. Lakes appear in the following succession: Mijgon at 1640 m, Saya at 1740 m, Gushor, Nofin at 1820 m, Hurdak at 1870 m, Marguzor at 2140 m and Hazorchashma.


«Archa» is the local name for the mountain juniper. In the past Archa in the Zarafshan Valley was a landscape-forming plant as in many mountain systems of the Northern Hemisphere. Before a few centuries ago, thousands of acres of these precious forests were cut down for the construction needs of Bukhara and Samarkand, and more recently for the needs of the local population. There are giant junipers height of which reaches 25-30 meters. The maximum diameter of the tree sometimes reaches more than 3 meters, and can reach the age of 2000 to 5000 years! One of these trees in Turkey has a diameter of 2.2 m and a height of up to 12 meters. Its age is 700 years. But our giant is above the village of Ven in Panjakent and of a more impressive dimensions. Diameter is up to 5.6 meters, height of over 16 meters, which gives reason to believe that it is more than 2,000 years, and it deserves to be recorded in the Guinness record!